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High-Speed Camera Advances Fuel Injector Research


Specialised Imaging reports that The Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics (LTT) at FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany) tested a Kirana Ultra High-Speed camera to visualize the transient opening process of fuel-injectors in one of their high-pressure injection chambers.

Kirana Ultra High Speed Video Camera + Time-resolved imaging of the opening of a diesel injector at 200 MPa injection pressure and unheated fuel and chamber conditions

The LTT has an international reputation for building and running injection chambers to investigate the transient spray processes within fuel-injectors used in internal combustion engines. Employing an experimental approach of continuously flushed chambers enables high injection rates and therefore time efficient experiments. This, in combination with the wide range of variable operation parameters, such as chamber pressure, chamber temperature, fuel pressure, fuel temperature, makes the chambers attractive both for fundamental research and testing under application conditions.


Conventional high-speed imaging techniques are already well-established in spray research, but are not able to resolve very fast processes such as spray fluctuations or the injector opening in high spatial resolution, as the fuel leaves the nozzle with up to 300 m/s in gasoline injection and even higher velocities when using diesel fuel.


The Kirana Ultra High-Speed camera from Specialised Imaging closes this gap, being able to take 180 consecutive high quality images at frame rates of up to 5 MHz. The full resolution of the Kirana camera is maintained independently of its frame rate, enabling it to acheive high spatial and temporal resolution at the same time.


The Kirana camera was used to visualize the opening of two experimental injectors, a gasoline and a diesel design, using a long distance microscope to achieve high magnifications and focus on the effects directly at the nozzle hole. The transient opening and closing behavior of fuel-injectors is specifically relevant in application, since it causes a throttled flow that significantly alters the nozzle behavior which can lead to tip wetting, jet-to-jet interaction and other phenomena. The use of the Kirana ultra high-speed camera not only reduced the measurement time by several orders of magnitude but also provided information about the temporal course of the highly turbulent flow that have not been accessible before. In the Diesel fuel injection experiments, the transition from throttled pre-jet to full needle lift is clearly visible. To review the exemplary results achieved by the lTT researchers or for further information about the measurement enviroment please visit

Due to the convincing quality of the results achieved using the Kirana camera, further applications for ultra high-speed measurements in spray research are currently under investigation at the LTT.


Incorporating a proprietary hybrid camera sensor, the compact Kirana ultra high speed video camera can deliver high resolution and high speed (up to 5 million frames per second) in a no-compromise design. The full resolution of this video camera is maintained at all speeds. Comprehensive triggering facilities, highly accurate timing control and a wide range of output signals, coupled with a software package, simplifies image capture and analysis. Full remote operation using Ethernet connectivity comes standard enabling the Kirana to be easily integrated into almost any environment. The Kirana offers the performance, ease-of-use and operational flexibility that enables users to record and deliver impressive slow-motion video images in just about any material scientific research application.


For further information on the Kirana ultra high speed camera please visit or contact Specialised Imaging on +44-1442-827728 (UK) / +49-8141-666-8950 (USA) / +1-951-296-6406 (Germany) or [email protected].


Specialised Imaging is a knowledgeable, dynamic company focused upon design, manufacture, service and supply of ultra high-speed imaging systems and components for industrial, defence and scientific applications.  The company's continuing policy is to invest in the development of innovative imaging solutions, incorporate the latest technological advances and use improved components wherever possible. A total commitment to quality and a thorough understanding of applications are held as the keys to the future.

Matt Byron

Written by

Matt Byron

A 16 year media sales veteran, Matt has successfully worked in print, digital and exhibition sales during his career, covering various industry sectors, such as automotive, scientific and beauty salons. Outside of work, Sport plays a big part of Matt's down time, supporting rivals to both his wife's Football and Rugby League teams makes some weekends in the year very interesting. He is also a follower of F1, Golf and Darts. Travel and holidays are also important due to an acute allergy to constant cloud and rain. Schnauzer called Archie keeps them occupied with walks and general mischief, and Matt also spends time creating in the kitchen (a mess according to some).


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